Sweat in humans: males and females

Athletes and workers in hot environments can lose 1 – 2L of fluid per hour through sweating dependent on factors such as:

  • Type of exercise or work
  • Exercise intensity
  • Body type and size
  • Female vs male
  • Level of fitness
  • Ambient temperature

Workers in prolonged hot conditions can lose 12L per day and thus it is vital to hydrate when carrying out exertion under hot conditions. The types of jobs where this could be relevant include: miners, farmers, rangers, surf lifesavers, roofing contractors, construction site workers; even racing car drivers; in fact anyone working outside in hot dry or humid conditions.

Our work has shown that sweat not only contains electrolytes but also large amounts of amino acids, the building blocks for our proteins, which also require replenishment.  These salts and amino acids represent vital nutrients which the body requires to sustain good condition and performance capacity.

We now know also that the concentrations of amino acids in sweat are generally much higher in females than males under sedentary conditions with minimal exercise. Once the exercise increases to a level where 2L of sweat are excreted, the losses of amino acids escalate and are far more dramatic for females than males. This means that females may be significantly more susceptible to losses of amino acids during exercise and prolonged work in hot conditions.

Replenishment of both electrolytes and the key amino acids lost in sweat could have key relevance for women in sport and the workplace.

ElectrAAte is designed to provide these high-demand electrolytes and amino acids for replenishment.

InnovAAte Products

OptimAAte® supplementation can supply the key amino acids that are in greatest demand during the day to support active lifestyles.

  • Usage of OptimAAte® as directed, may assist in the development of muscle mass and the product is useful before, during, or after sustained strenuous exercise.
  • Daily supplementation of amino acids has been shown to help reduce fatigue.
  • OptimAAte®: 130 servings per tub; 46c per serve
    • One serve of OptimAAte® contains only 22kJ or 5.3 Calories
    • OptimAAte® can be mixed with water in your drink bottle or cup.

ElectrAAte® has been designed to provide the high-demand amino acids, plus the electrolytes, that can be lost through sweat and urine. The product is useful during, or after sustained strenuous exercise.

  • ElectrAAte®: 80 servings per tub; 76c per serve
    • One serve of ElectrAAte® contains only 26kJ or 6.3 Calories
    • ElectrAAte® can be mixed in the drink bottle or cup and has a light lemon flavouring.

Both OptimAAte® and ElectrAAte® do not contain any sugar or caffeine and are vegan friendly. Both products have been tested by an independent laboratory to be sure that that they do not contain WADA banned substances so they are safe for use by elite athletes and people in restricted workplaces.

See more about the differences between OptimAAte® and ElectrAAte® here.

Shop for OptimAAte® and ElectrAAte® here.

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